Updated: Jul 19, 2020
Disclaimer: I am not a skin specialist / dermatologist. This is from what I have experienced as a makeup artist and understanding clientele skin before performing a makeup service.
Understanding your skin type is important to avoid damages to your skin. There are 5 main skin types:
1) Normal: Those with normal skin don't usually describe their face as oily (for example: waking up with oil on the skin) or dry (flaking skin), pores are not visible, and contain few blemishes.
2) Dry: A sign of dry skin is tightness, patchiness or flaking of the skin and pores are almost invisible. This can cause the skin to be irritated frequently and cause lines and wrinkles on the skin.
Why could I have dry skin? Much of it is due to genetic predispositions and how the sebum glands produce oil for your skin. That is why it is important to moisturize. Choosing a moisturizer that is specifically made for dry skin can help target those areas of your face and body and reduce the dryness.
3) Oily: Oily skin usually contains enlarged pores and is prone to blackheads, pimples and other blemishes.
Why is my skin oily? Can I fix it? Factors like puberty and experiencing hormonal imbalances can greatly influence oil production in the sebum glands. Finding the perfect skin care routine can be hard when you have oily skin but using noncomedogenic skincare products reduce the chances of your pores getting clogged.
4) Sensitive: All skin is sensitive. But those who have extremely sensitive skin react with rashes, burns or allergic reactions when exposed to certain products. Signs include irritation, redness and bumps once applying a product. Before using any product it is always important to remember to read reviews about the product and testing the product on a small portion of your skin (usually near the back of your jawbone).
5) Combination: This skin type is a combination of two or more of the 4 other skin types mentioned. Usually, combination skin can be flaky and dry in some part of the face and oily, sensitive or normal in other parts. A good example is the t-zone (forehead, nose and cheeks). My t-zone is extremely dry while the rest of my face is completely normal.